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Alexander Sarcophagus, one of the most remarkable examples of Hellenistic art ever found

The Alexander Sarcophagus is neither the first nor the last artifact to cause headaches among archaeologists and experts. Carved out of Greek Pentelic marble, this artifact created numerous puzzles ever since Osman Hamdi Bey, who ran the preeminent Ottoman Imperial Museum in Istanbul at the end of the 19th century, got notice of the discovery. The famous sarcophagus was found in an underground chamber located in Sidon, one of the biggest cities in Lebanon. The piece was quite distinguished compared with the other sarcophagi found in the same chamber. Each of…

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Who or what killed Alexander the Great?

In June 323 BC, Alexander the Great died in Babylon aged 32, having conquered an empire stretching from modern Albania to eastern Pakistan. The question of what, or who, killed the Macedonian king has never been answered successfully. However, new research may have finally solved the 2,000-year-old mystery. Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was born in Pella in 356 BC and was mentored by Aristotle until the age of 16. He became king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece, and by the age…

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