The Gate of the Sun: A megalithic solid stone structure, confusing experts ever since its discovery

Constructed more than 1,500 years ago by the ancient Tiwanaku culture of Bolivia, “The Gate of the Sun“ is a megalithic solid stone arch that has been puzzling experts ever since its discovery by European Explorers in the mid-19th century.

Located near Lake Titicaca near La Paz, Bolivia, The Gate of the Sun is the most famous icon of the archaeological site at Tiahuanaco.

The Gate of the Sun was constructed by the Tiwanaku, a Pre-Columbian polity based in the city of Tiwanaku in western Bolivia. Photo Credit

 

Rediscovered by European explorers in the mid-19th century. Photo Credit

 

Carved from a single massive block of andesite stone. Photo Credit

 

Gate of the Sun, rear view (1903). Photo Credit

There have been many different interpretations of the mysterious inscriptions found on the object. Some historians believe that the central figure could be the Inca god Viracocha, the creator of all things, while others have linked it with the “Sun God,” because of the 24 linear rays that surround its face. Surrounding this mysterious character are 48 winged effigies, each in a square,  called “chasquis“ or “God Messengers.“

Some of them have human heads, while the others depict condor heads. Constructed from a single block of andesite, the object is approximately 9.8 ft tall and 13 ft wide, weighing almost 20,000 pounds.

The central character, who remains enigmatic despite a lot of speculation. Photo Credit

The God is also known as the “Crying God “ or “Weeping God“ because people have suggested that the markings on its face represent tears.

According to some researchers, the sculpture appears to reflect a solar year. However, it cannot be made to fit into the solar year as we presently divide it, because the calendar has 290 days, divided into twelve months of 24 days each.

Surrounding the face are 48 figures called chasquis or God Messengers. Photo Credit

 

32 of the effigies have human faces, and 16 have condors’ heads. Photo Credit

 

Other radical theories suggest it was a portal to another dimension. Photo Credit

 

It is believed that the strange symbols that decorate the gate have some astronomic connotations. Photo Credit

Some theories even suggest it was used as a portal to another dimension. Although it stands in the place where it was found, it is believed that this is not its original location.

However, with no evidence to support this belief, the original location of the structure remains uncertain.

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